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It's a big topic - so let's try to get it down to the bare essentials. Cut and paste this page into a new page on your Unit 8 notebook and use it as the beginning of a new set of notes on the early years of the Cold War.

AN ILLUSTRATED DEFINTION OF THE COLD WAR

Insert your illustrated and annotated PowerPoint slide here


Major events, ideas, topics, and people - from class, Creating America, and ABC-CLIO

THE YALTA CONFERENCE
  • Meeting near the end of WWII - big 3 meet to discuss post war Europe
  • Germany will be divided, controlled by the Allies
  • Liberated Eastern European countries will have new elections
  • United Nations will be formed
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yalta.jpg

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**THE UNITED NATIONS
  • keep peace at a "table" instead of with guns
  • 5 permanent members US, USSR, GB, France, China- have veto power
  • US and GB, China

CONTAINMENT
  • Iron curtain descends on Europe, communism spreads through Europe
  • George Kenan US
  • contain, stop from growing

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kennan.jpg

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truman.jpg

THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE
  • aid countries with money
  • Turkey and Greece
  • Think they are the protector of the world
  • Great power comes with great responsibility
  • Get in other country's business

THE MARSHALL PLAN**
  • named after secretary of state george marshall
  • rebuild and revive southern and western europe from war
  • offered 13 million dollars to countries
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marshall.jpg

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airlift.jpg

THE BERLIN AIRLIFT
  • German was separated in 4 zones for the US, France, Great Britain and USSR
  • Western powers megered zones and Stalin were affraid that this might threatent the soviets
  • Berlin, the former capitol of Germany, was also divided
  • Stalin wanted to get the western powers out of the city so he blocked the western powers from coming in
  • US sent an airlift that gave supplies and food to residents in Berlin
NATO
  • alarm of communist control in Europe
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Alliance with US, Canada, and western countries in europe
  • Soviet union and eastern europe formed warsaw Pact
nato.png
nato.png

PRCFounding.jpg
PRCFounding.jpg

COMMUNISM IN CHINA
  • In 1949 communists took rule over Chinam led byMao Zedong
  • US thought this was a part of world domination
  • Nationalists in CHina fled to Taiwan headed by Chiang Kai-shek
  • Fear of communism grew, along with fear about Korea
THE KOREAN WAR
No need to take notes - you will have a different assignment and activity

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korean67.gif

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180px-Joseph_McCarthy.jpg

MCCARTHYISM
  • Senator from WI
  • pointed fingers at officials saying that they were the trouble behind this because they were communists
  • McCarthyism- charges against innocent people
  • Senate criticized his conduct he faded away from the public
THE SPACE RACE
  • USSR sent the first satellite into space, Sputnik
  • US was scared, had a missle in space that could bomb us
  • set aside lots of money to get a US satellite into space
  • Talk instead of fire, didn't work
  • USSR attacked american spy plane, wanted apology but Eisenhower refused