BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
What would break the back of Jim Crow America? What role did education play in the movement to desgregate America?
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Using the the links provided, analyze the landmark Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education. Cut and paste the information below into a new entry on your Unit 8 Online Notebook.


BASIC FACTS OF THE CASES (more than one) (check video, Link 1, Link 2, Link 3)
Kansas elementary school segregation, people started to say that the segregation of schools was against their 14 amendment. Colored people could only attend 4 schools in Topeka. In Belton vs. Gebhart, they challenged the aweful conditions of the black schools. In Briggs vs. Elliot, they challenged the inequality of school conditions in South Carolina. In Davis vs. County, kids challengedthe conditions of Robert Moton High School. This high school was the only black high school in Prince Edward county and the population there was crwding. Because of this they built new classrooms out of tar paper. In Bolling vs. Sharpe, some boys were denied the access into a white school on a field trip.

MAIN ARGUMENTS OF THE PLAINTIFF (for integration) (check Link 1)
The 14th did not allow racial segregation. The 14th said that no state could make laws against your race. The 14th didn't say if they were allowed to set up segregated schools. Segregation was did aweful things to children and their minds.

MAIN ARGUMENTS OF THE DEFENDANTS (for segregation) (check Link 1)
Constitution didn't say they could not segregate schools. The states shouldbe able to decide whether theere would be segregation or not. Segregation did not harm the black people. Whites are trying to equalize, but because blacks are still being affected from slavery, the blacks are not ready to be in the same classrooms as the whites.

THE CHANGE IN THE COURT (leading to a decision) (check **Link 1**)
The decision was very tough to make. At the beginning many justices said that schools should be integrated. But then justice Vinson died and Earl Warren was appointed to his position. This caused the court to overturn Plessy.

THE COURT DECISION (in your own words) (check **Link 1** and Link 2)
Warren wrote that it was not clear if the 14th said it was alright to segregate schools. It talked about transportation and not education but they decided that the present was the issue. Any segregation deprived African Americans of the liberties they recived in the 14th.

ENFORCING THE DECISION (discuss "with all deliberate speed) (Check Link 1)
The states had to figure out there own way to enforce this law. They could not segregate schools anymore but they had to make sure this was carried out. The unclearness of this gave time for resistance to rise.


THE IMPACT and LEGACY
(Check **Link 1**)

Whites in the south resisted to the decision of Brown very strongly. African Americans still struggled to become equal even though it was unconstitutional to be segregated. It was surprising to see all of the people that resisted Brown. But it was also surprising to see how hard the blacks fought against racism. Today there are still minorities wanting equality.